Mpumalanga means east or literally "the place where the sun rises" in Swazi, Xhosa, Ndebele and Zulu.
The diverse and special flora and fauna of the province enjoys protection in a range of nature reserves, including:
Languages: 27.7% siSwati, 24.1% isiZulu, 10.4% Xistonga, 10.1% isiNdebele
Population: 4 039 939 (2011)
Share of total SA population: 7.8%
Area: 76 495km2
Share of total SA area: 6.3%
Population density: 53 people per km2